All five rhino species are threatened with extinction: Africa’s black rhinos are critically endangered, with a population under 5,000. The 3,000 one-horned rhinos of India and Nepal are endangered, while Southeast Asia’s Sumatran and Javan rhinos number only in the hundreds and tens, respectively and are also critically endangered. At around 20,000, the southern white rhino is most numerous, with the vast majority living in South Africa.
Although habitat loss is an important consideration, the main threat to rhinos is poaching. Rhino horn is a highly valued component of Traditional Chinese Medicine, practiced in China, Vietnam and other parts of East Asia. Hundreds of rhinos are killed illegally for their horns every year.
HSI is working to improve international and domestic laws and regulations, to increase enforcement of existing protective measures, and to convince consumers of Traditional Chinese Medicine that the use of rhino horn is ineffective and unnecessary and is threatening the survival of these fascinating animals.
March 9, 2017
Following the brutal killing of a four-year-old male southern white rhinoceros named Vince in a zoo near Paris, HSI called on the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria to urgently review and improve security protection for vulnerable animals in light of the increased threat from the global poaching crisis.
February 14, 2017
Proposed regulation to allow rhino horn trade and export in South Africa could worsen trafficking crisis, says Humane Society International
Amidst a continuing rhino poaching and rhino horn trafficking crisis, last week South Africa proposed a new regulation to allow domestic trade and export of rhino horn purchased in the country.
November 17, 2016
Representatives from around the world attending the Ha Noi Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade signed a statement committing to do their part to end the supply and demand of illegally traded wildlife.
November 16, 2016
HRH Prince William visits Government of Viet Nam and Humane Society International’s rhino horn demand reduction campaign
His Royal Highness Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, saw first-hand today the efforts by the government of Viet Nam and animal protection organisation HSI to inspire Viet Nam’s school children to protect rhinos from devastating poaching by reducing demand for rhino horn.