July 22, 2016
More than half of the dogs in Jamshedpur sterilized
Humane Society International and Animal Help Foundation reveal results of their Dog Population Survey conducted in May 2016
The findings of the Bi-Annual Dog Population Survey conducted by Humane Society International and Animal Help Foundation found that 51.3 percent of dogs have now been sterilized and vaccinated in Jamshedpur. The sterilization of dogs is an important step in reducing the overpopulation of street dogs in the city, while vaccination aims to eradicate rabies from the community.
The team has achieved the goal of 70 percent sterilization/vaccination coverage in four areas: Baridhi (76.8 percent), Sidghora (76.6 percent), Bistupur (70.5 percent) and Telco (70.4 percent). Adityapur and Mango II have the poorest coverage with only 12.6 percent and 17.2 percent of dogs sterilized, bringing down the city average. The team has not started to actively work in these two areas, lowering the average.
HSI and AHF, which is running the city-wide dog population and rabies management program, conduct these surveys in May and November every year. While the May survey sheds light on the total percentage of dogs sterilized, the November survey helps track the percentage of lactating females and puppies, which is an indicator for knowing the immediate effect of the sterilization program.
For the purpose of the survey, Jamshedpur has been divided into nine areas (table given below). Teams of two travel on pre-decided tracks in the early hours of the morning and use the Open Street Maps Mobile Tracking App to count the dogs. In this app, created by HSI for dog population surveys, the team has to choose from options like notched (sterilized) male/female, un-notched male/female, lactating female and puppies. These inputs help determine the numbers that are derived from the survey.
Dr. Amit Chaudhari, senior manager at Monitoring Evaluation and Impact Assessment, explains, “We conduct this survey on a pre-decided track. All surveys are conducted on the same track to give an accurate picture. Our surveys are showing increase in coverage and decrease in lactating females and puppies.”
|Area||% Sterilized dogs|
During the last phase of the project, the teams will focus on increasing sterilization coverage in Mango I, II and Adityapur to get closer to a city-wide 70 percent coverage. After the exit of HSI and AHF in December of this year, the Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company and other local civic authorities will have to continue the sterilization and vaccination activities to maintain the 70 percentage coverage, which is required to stabilize the dog population and control rabies. Otherwise, if the program is not sustained, the dog population will visibly increase in a few years’ time, and rabies vaccination coverage will drop below the requisite immunity threshold due to the influx of unvaccinated puppies. The next survey will be conducted in November 2016.
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