The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has ordered the implementation of the Animal Birth Control(ABC) program to control the street dog population in all states of India. The ruling is welcomed by Humane Society International. The Court has directed all state governments to implement the ABC rules that require stray dogs to be spayed or neutered.
N. G Jayasimha, managing director of HSI/India, said: “We are pleased that the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has reiterated that an ABC program is the only effective way to curb stray dog populations. We urge all states to ensure that the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001, are implemented in letter and spirit.”
Apart from working on a full-fledged Dog Population Management program in Jamshedpur and Haryana, HSI/India offers training program for veterinarians, paravets and animal control and care staff that primarily focuses on the welfare of animals, humane handling and surgical spay/neuter. HSI/India also engages with the local community to promote sensitivity and compassion towards street dogs.
- Under the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001, street dogs are to be sterilized, vaccinated and subsequently released into the same area from where they were captured. These Rules also requires sick dogs to be treated prior to their sterilization and vaccination. Incurably ill or mortally wounded dogs can be put to death, and only in a humane manner.
- Mass vaccinations, an essential part of the programme, have shown to substantially reduce the spread of rabies in dogs, and thus to humans. The World Health Organisation has recognized the use of vaccinations as the most effective way to control rabies.
- The Constitution of India gives precedence to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 and the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001, over state and local laws.
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